Kaziranga is known for ______________.

  1. rhinoceros
  2. tiger
  3. birds
  4. lion

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  1. The correct answer is option 1 i.e. Rhinoceros.

    Key Points

    • Kaziranga is a National Park in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of Assam and is known for world’s largest population of great one-horned rhinoceroses.
    • Kaziranga National Park is the oldest park in Assam which covers an area of 430 sq km along the river Brahmaputra on the North and the Karbi Anglong hills on the South.
    • Regarded as one of the finest wildlife refuges in the world it was declared as a National Park in 1974, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985, a Tiger Reserve since 2007 with one of the highest density of tiger in the country and an Important Bird Area by Birdlife International.
    • It receives the highest legal protection and strong legislative framework under the provisions of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and Indian Forest Act, 1927/Assam Forest Regulation 1891.

    Additional Information

    • Flora and Fauna
      • It has been titled as a “Hotspot of Biodiversity” because of its rich diverse species and their omnipresence.
      • The park is inhabited by major populations including 35 species of mammals, out of which 15 are considered as endangered species by the IUCN Red List.
      • Elephant, wild Asiatic water buffalo and swamp deer are found in abundance in the park which also shelters gaur and sambar. Fishing cat, leopards, jungle cat, small Indian mongoose, gray mongoose, hispid hare, golden jackal, bengal fox, sloth bear, civets, Chinese pangolin and Indian pangolins are other prominent animals found here.
      • It is also home to 479 species of migratory and resident birds out of which 25 are globally and 21 are locally threatened species, 42 species of reptile which includes the about to extinct species like King Corbra, Assam roofed turtle and gharial. The endangered Gangetic dolphins are sheltered in the floodplain of River Brahmaputra.
      • In addition to the grasslands (which includes tall elephant grass, short grasses and forests), it is also blessed with aquatic flora, including lotus, water lilies and water hyacinth. The array of charming flowers and some species of climbing plants add to the beauty and glory to the vegetation of the park.
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