During Revolt of 1857, the Governor General of India was?

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  1. The correct answer is Lord Canning

    Key Points

    • Lord Canning (1856-1862) was the Viceroy of India during the ‘Sepoy Mutiny’ or the great revolt that took place.
    • The Revolt of 1857 is an important landmark in India’s history, which occurred during the governor generalship of Lord Canning.
    • Sepoy Mutiny or First War of Independence, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion against British rule in 1857.
    • Event during his regime – 
      • Revolt of 1857
      • Establishment of three universities at Calcutta, Madras and Bombay in 1857
      • Abolition of East India Company and transfer of control to the Crown by the Government of India Act, 1858
      • Indian Councils Act of 1861

    Additional Information

    • Grievances of Sepoy:
      • Discrimination in payment and promotion.
      • Refusal of the British to pay foreign service allowance while fighting in remote regions such as Punjab or Sindh.
      • Religious objections of the high caste Hindu sepoys to Lord Canning’s General Service Enlistment Act (1856) ordering all recruits to be ready for service both within and outside India.
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